Ace Your First Aid for the USMLE Step 1 2020 Classes and Exams with Picmonic: #1 Visual Mnemonic Study Tool for Medical (MD/DO) Students

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First Aid for the USMLE Step 1 2020 | Medical (MD/DO) School Study Aid

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6 Picmonics to Learn | 13 mins

Down Syndrome
Trisomy 21
Meiotic Nondisjunction
Signs and Symptoms
Intellectual Disability (Mental Retardation)
Simian Crease
Flat Facies
Duodenal Atresia
Hirschsprung's Disease
Septum Primum Type ASD
Endocardial Cushion Defects
Prominent Epicanthal Folds
Increased Risk of Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia
Alzheimer's Disease
2 mins
Hirschsprung Disease
Failure of Neuronal Crest Cell Migration
Involves Rectum
Lack of Auerbach and Meissner Plexus
Chronic Constipation
Failure to Pass Meconium
Congenital Megacolon
Increased Risk with Down Syndrome
2 mins
Atrial Septal Defect (ASD)
Hole in Septum between the Atria
Often Asymptomatic
Wide and Fixed Split S2
Cyanosis and Dyspnea
Easily Fatigued
Chest X-ray shows Increased Pulmonary Vascular Markings
Surgery if CHF as Child
Antibiotic Prophylaxis
Most Close Spontaneously
2 mins
Edwards Syndrome
Trisomy 18
Signs and Symptoms
Intellectual Disability (Mental Retardation)
Rocker Bottom Feet
Ventricular Septal Defect (VSD)
Clenched Hands
Overlapping Fingers
Low-Set Ears
Prominent Occiput
Meckel's Diverticulum
Horseshoe Kidney
Malrotation of Intestines
2 mins
Patau's Syndrome
Trisomy 13
Severe Intellectual Disability (Mental Retardation)
Cleft lip/cleft palate
Rocker bottom feet
Cystic kidneys
Ventricular Septal Defect (VSD)
2 mins
Quad Screen Results Interpretation
Inhibin A
Down Syndrome = HIgh
Turner Syndrome = Very HIgh
Edward Syndrome = Low HEAp
Patau Syndrome = AFP is Normal
2 mins

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