Ace Your Pathology Classes and Exams with Picmonic: #1 Visual Mnemonic Study Tool for Medical (MD/DO) Students

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Pathology | Medical (MD/DO) School Study Aid


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Pulmonary Vascular Disorders
7 Picmonics to Learn | 14 mins

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Pulmonary Embolism Presentation and Diagnosis
Presentation
Sudden onset Shortness of Breath (S.O.B.)
Tachypnea
Pleuritic Chest Pain
Hemoptysis
Hypoxemia
Sudden Death
Diagnosis
Gold Standard: CT Pulmonary Angiography
X-Ray
D-Dimer
V/Q Scan
1 min
Pulmonary Embolism Causes
Causes
FAT BAT Mnemonic
Fat
Air
Deep Vein Thrombosis (DVT)
Bacteria
Amniotic Fluid
Tumor
Risk Factors
Hypercoagulable
Central Venous Lines
Immobilized
1 min
Wells' Criteria for Pulmonary Embolism
Scoring
Clinical Symptoms of DVT (+3)
Pulmonary Embolism Most Likely Diagnosis (+3)
Tachycardia (+1.5)
Immobilization > 3 Days (+1.5)
Previous DVT or PE (+1.5)
Hemoptysis (+1)
Malignancy (+1)
Probability
> 6 = High
2-6 = Moderate
< 2 = Low
3 mins
Pulmonary Hypertension Diagnosis and Management
Diagnosis
Echocardiogram
Right Heart Cathetherization
≥ 20 mmHg at Rest
Chest X-Ray
MANAGEMENT
Treat Underlying Disorder
Calcium Channel Blockers
Endothelin Receptor Antagonists
Prostacyclin Analogs
PDE-5 inhibitors
2 mins
Pulmonary Hypertension Classification (WHO)
Group 1
Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension
Idiopathic
Hereditary
BMPR2 Mutation
Group 2
Left Heart Disease
Group 3
Lung Diseases or Hypoxia
COPD
Obstructive Sleep Apnea
Group 4
Chronic Pulmonary Emboli
Group 5
Multifactorial
2 mins
Deep Vein Thrombosis (DVT) Characteristics
Mechanism
Virchow's Triad
Venous Stasis
Endothelial Damage
Hypercoagulability
Symptoms
Tenderness
Homan's Sign
Warmth
Redness
Swelling
Asymptomatic
1 min
Deep Vein Thrombosis (DVT) Management
Diagnosis
Compression Ultrasound (CUS) with Doppler
D-Dimer
Contrast Venography
Treatment
IVC Filter
Heparin for Acute Management
Warfarin for Long-term Management
Thrombectomy/Thrombolysis
Stockings
Walking
4 mins

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