Ace Your Pathology Classes and Exams with Picmonic: #1 Visual Mnemonic Study Tool for Medical (MD/DO) Students

With Picmonic, facts become pictures. We've taken what the science shows - image mnemonics work - but we've boosted the effectiveness by building and associating memorable characters, interesting audio stories, and built-in quizzing. Whether you're studying for your classes or getting ready for a big exam, we're here to help.

Pathology | Medical (MD/DO) School Study Aid


Prev
Other Urologic Pathology
9 Picmonics to Learn | 29 mins

Next
Penile Squamous Cell Carcinoma in Situ
Bowenoid Papulosis
Bowenoid Papulosis
HPV 16
Multiple Reddish-brown Papules
Monitor for Progression
Bowen Disease
Bowen Disease
HPV 16, 18
Arsenic and Sun Exposure
Leukoplakia
Fluorouracil (5-FU)
Erythroplasia of Queyrat
Erythroplasia of Queyrat
HPV 16, 18
Uncircumcised
Red Papules or Plaques
3 mins
Varicocele
Pathophysiology
Dilation of Pampiniform Plexus Veins
Signs and Symptoms
Soft Left-Sided Scrotal Mass
Bag of Worms
Increased Size with Standing or Valsalva
Decreased Size while Supine
Testicular Atrophy
Subfertility
Diagnosis
Ultrasound
Retrograde Venous Flow
Treatment
Surgical Gonadal Vein Ligation
Scrotal Support
3 mins
Hydrocele
Mechanism
Impaired Lymphatic Drainage
Signs and Symptoms
Large Scrotum
Painless
Considerations
Needle Aspiration or Surgery
Scrotal Support
Monitor for Bleeding and Infection
1 min
Erectile Dysfunction
Cause/Mechanism
Age-Related Changes
Psychological
Medical Conditions
Drug-Induced
Assessment
Sexual Dysfunction (Unable to Maintain Erection)
Interventions
Phosphodiesterase Type 5 (PDE5) Inhibitors
Vacuum Constriction Devices
Intraurethral Devices
Penile Implants
Considerations
Sexual Counseling
2 mins
Liddle Syndrome
Pathophysiology
Autosomal Dominant
Collecting Duct
Gain of Function Mutation in Epithelial Sodium Channel (ENaC)
Excess Na+ and H2O Reabsorption
Clinical Features
Decreased Renin
Decreased Aldosterone
Hypertension with Hypokalemia
Metabolic Alkalosis
Pseudohyperaldosteronism
Treatment
Amiloride and Triamterene
3 mins
Gitelman Syndrome
Pathophysiology
Autosomal Recessive
Defective Sodium-Chloride Cotransporter in Distal Tubule
Mechanism Mimics Thiazide Diuretics
Clinical Presentation
Cramping and Tetany
Severe Fatigue
Polyuria
Diagnosis
Hypokalemia
Metabolic Alkalosis
High Urine Chloride
Treatment
Electrolyte Supplements
Spironolactone
4 mins
Syndrome Of Apparent Mineralocorticoid Excess (SAME)
Pathophysiology
11 Beta-Hydroxysteroid Dehydrogenase Deficiency
Elevated Cortisol
Low Renin
Low Aldosterone 
Causes
Autosomal-Recessive
Licorice (glycyrrhetinic acid) Ingestion
Signs & Symptoms
Hypertension
Hypokalemia
Metabolic Alkalosis
Treatment
Potassium-Sparing Diuretics
4 mins
Testicular Torsion
Characteristics
Sudden Twisting of Spermatic Cord 
Affects Neonates and Adolescents
Bell Clapper Deformity 
Clinical Features
Severe Acute Testicular Pain 
Abnormal Testicular Position 
Nausea and Vomiting
Diagnosis
Doppler Ultrasound of the Scrotum
Treatment
Emergent Surgical Intervention
Manual Detorsion
Considerations
Testicular Infarction
Infertility in Males
4 mins
Bartter Syndrome
Pathophysiology
Autosomal Recessive
Thick Ascending Limb of Loop of Henle
Defective NKCC Cotransporter
Decreased Na+ Reabsorption
Decreased Ca2+ Reabsorption
Increased Aldosterone
Clinical Features
Hypovolemia
Polyuria and Polydipsia
Metabolic Alkalosis
Mimics Loop Diuretics
Nephrolithiasis
Treatment
Spironolactone (Aldactone)
4 mins

Ace Your Medical (MD/DO) Classes & Exams with Picmonic:

Over 1,050,000 students use Picmonic’s picture mnemonics to improve knowledge, retention, and exam performance.

Choose the #1 Medical (MD/DO) student study app.

Picmonic for Medical (MD/DO) covers information that is relevant to your entire Medical (MD/DO) education. Whether you’re studying for your classes or getting ready to conquer the USMLE Step 1, USMLE Step 2 CK, COMLEX Level 1, or COMLEX Level 2, we’re here to help.

Works better than traditional Medical (MD/DO) flashcards.

Research shows that students who use Picmonic see a 331% improvement in memory retention and a 50% improvement in test scores.

It's worth every penny