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Medicine (MD/DO)
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USMLE Step 1
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Neurology, Ophthalmology & Otology
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Other Nervous System Physiology

Ace Your Neurology, Ophthalmology & Otology Classes and Exams with Picmonic: #1 Visual Mnemonic Study Tool for Medicine (MD/DO) Students

With Picmonic, facts become pictures. We've taken what the science shows - image mnemonics work - but we've boosted the effectiveness by building and associating memorable characters, interesting audio stories, and built-in quizzing. Whether you're studying for your classes or getting ready for a big exam, we're here to help.

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Neurology, Ophthalmology & Otology | Medicine (MD/DO) School Study Aid

Other Nervous System Physiology
6 Picmonics to Learn | 9 mins
Motor Neuron Signs UMN and LMN
Upper Motor Neuron (Increases)
Increased DTRs
Positive Babinski
Spastic Paralysis
Clasp-Knife Reaction
Lower Motor Neuron (Decreases)
Decreased DTRs
Negative Babinski
Flaccid Paralysis
Muscle Atrophy
Fasciculations
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2 mins
Somatic Reflex Arc
Spinal Cord
Sensory (Afferent) Neuron
Interneurons Transmit
Motor (Efferent) Neuron
Effector Targets
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1 min
Tuberoinfundibular Pathway (Dopaminergic)
Dopamine Pathway
Location
Arcuate Nucleus
Median Eminence
Characteristics
Dopamine Inhibits Prolactin (PRL)
Defect
Antipsychotics
Increased Prolactin
Sexual Dysfunction
Gynecomastia
Galactorrhea
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2 mins
Nigrostriatal Pathway (Dopaminergic)
Dopamine Pathway
Location
Substantia Nigra
Striatum
Characteristic
Motor Function
Direct Pathway
Indirect Pathway
Defect
Extrapyramidal Symptoms
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1 min
Mesocortical Pathway (Dopaminergic)
Dopamine Pathway
Location
Ventral Tegmental Area
Prefrontal Cortex
Characteristics
Executive Function
Defect
Negative Symptoms
Limited Antipsychotic Efficacy
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1 min
Mesolimbic Pathway (Dopaminergic)
Dopamine Pathway
Location
Ventral Tegmental Area
Nucleus Accumbens
Characteristic
Reward System
Defect
Positive Symptoms
Target by Antipsychotics
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1 min

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