Master Ebola Virus with Picmonic for Medicine

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Ebola Virus

E-bowler
Picmonic
Ebola virus is a dangerous, life-threatening virus which leads to impaired blood clotting and widespread hemorrhage. It is an enveloped RNA virus from the filovirus family. It has a genome which is single-stranded linear and negative sense, with a helical capsid. Bats are believed to be the main reservoir for ebola virus.
8 KEY FACTS
RNA Virus
RNA-Rhino

Ebola virus is an RNA virus.

Filovirus
File-virus

This virus is from the Filovirus family (Filoviridae).

Marburg Virus
Marbs-bug Virus

Marburg virus is another highly fatal, hemorrhagic disease which is classified under Filoviridae.

Linear
Line

The RNA structure for Ebolavirus is single stranded linear.

Helical
Helical-shape

The capside for this virus is helical, which is a cylindrical shape with a central hollow.

Enveloped
Envelope

This virus is enveloped. This envelope around the capsid works to fuse with the host's membrane, allowing the capsid and viral genome to enter and infect the host. Having an envelope also helps in avoiding host immunity.

Negative Sense
Negative-sign

This virus has negative sense RNA, meaning that it must have its genome copied by an RNA-dependent RNA polymerase. This is then formed into positive sense RNA, which is then used for protein translation.

Bat Reservoir
Bat Cave

Bats are known hosts for ebola virus, and exposure to partially cooked bat meat and feces is a proposed theory for outbreaks.

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