First, psychologists start by describing a behavior. This is done in an objective, opinion-free, manner and involve describing how many times a behavior occurs, for how long, where, or with whom.
The second goal of psychology is explanation, where the psychologist asks why a behavior occurs and attempts to identify its cause. The observations from before allow the psychologist to make a probable explanation for the behavior observed.
Prediction is the 3rd goal of psychology, where there is an attempt to anticipate what behavior comes next, or at some point in the future.
Finally, modification is a goal of psychology. This goal attempts to modify or change behavior to improve the individual or society.
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