This criteria of science means that there is a reliance on observable data. Empiricism means that behavior should be able to be observed reliably. For example, two different observers should have the same results when viewing a person's behavior in a scientific study.
Testability means that a scientific explanation can be proved true or false by looking at empirical data. As scientists, psychologists avoid untestable explanations.
Parsimony means simplicity, and explains that when two explanations are available to the scientific psychologyist for a behavior, the more simple explanation is preferred over the more complicated one.
Determinism states that behavior is ultimately predictable, because it follows a lawful order. It sides with the idea that if we knew enough about an individual, we could predict their behavior.
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