This theory describes that dreams have important psychological function. Instead of being random selections of information, this theory believes dreams work to tell a story and relate to recent experiences.
The problem-solving theory is a cognitive theory of dreaming that states the function of dreams is to help people solve their ongoing problems. In Cartwright's theory, dreams are a series of images activated by ongoing concerns, which are sought to be solved.
The main gist of the problem-solving theory, introduced by Cartwright, is that dreams work to help individuals solve ongoing problems. Images seen during dreams under this theory are activated by ongoing concerns. Thus, the effects of personal concerns on dreams are most likely to be seen by studying people under stress.
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